How to Generate Passive Income for Retirement
Build a sustainable cash flow and boost your retirement income. Read our guide on generating a passive retirement income to learn moreSpeak to a retirement specialist
The saying goes, ‘many hands make light work’. It means complex tasks become easy if enough people work together.
This logic can be applied to retirement planning.
Most of us understand the importance of building a solid pension pot. But this is just one source of revenue.
The more sources we have, the easier it becomes to navigate the complex task of being financially prepared for retirement.
Could knowing how to generate a passive income for retirement unlock the door to financial freedom during our golden years?
This article will provide an in-depth look at the concept of passive income. We will explore its benefits and the strategies you can use to successfully generate a passive income for retirement.
What is a passive income?
In general, there are two forms of income – active and passive.
Active income requires continuous time and effort. In other words, it requires active participation. A prime example of active income is going to work or running a business.
By definition, passive income is the exact opposite. They require minimal effort on your part.
In a nutshell, passive income streams are sources of revenue you receive with little to no input. Some initial work may be involved to set them up, but the object is for them to generate money once they are up and running.
However, passive income sources come in all shapes and sizes, as you will see later in this article. Some require a little more input than others to manage.
The benefits of a passive income for retirement
Retirement is one of life’s significant milestones, and planning for it is essential.
Retirement planning is the process of making sure you are financially prepared for when your primary source of income from working stops.
While most people’s main source of income in retirement is likely their pension, passive income sources provide a great alternative to boost their retirement savings.
Some of the benefits of creating passive income streams include:
1. Financial stability
Passive income can create a reliable source of income.
These streams of income can be used to generate extra cash to cover the cost of retirement. As a result, they can help you become more financially secure and reduce the risk of running out of money.
2. Diversified income streams
Passive income sources allow you to diversify your revenue streams. This can give you more financial independence as you are not reliant on a single source of income.
Unlike active income, which requires continuous time and effort, passive income is less hands-on and requires minimal effort. This gives you greater flexibility, allowing you to create additional income in a way that fits your lifestyle.
How to generate a passive income for retirement
Below are some key passive income strategies that can be used to create a steady income stream and support your retirement goals.
1. Real estate investments
Investment properties are becoming an increasingly popular way for people to partially, or in some cases, fully fund their retirement.
One study revealed that 45% of high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) plan to use buy-to-let property to fund up to 50% of their retirement income. A further 6% said they would use rental properties to fund 100% of their retirement.
The primary source of revenue from an investment property is rental income.
The rental income (yield) you earn greatly depends on the location. It’s essential to do your research to ensure you invest in an area that will net you the best possible returns.
While not a form of passive income as such, the other way real estate investments is capital growth, which is the increase in value over time.
In the UK, property has proven itself as a reliable investment in terms of capital growth potential. Over the 50 years to January 2023, the average property price has increased by nearly 190%.
While real estate investing can be a great source of passive income, it can also feel like a full-time job. You could enlist the services of a property management company, although this would eat into any profits.
There are also the upfront costs to consider. According to the UK House Price Index, the average property price in the UK is £285,009, meaning a high initial investment.
Potential property investors should also be aware of the tax implications, such as the 3% stamp duty surcharge, and potential risks with property investments.
2. Stock market investments
Another strategy to generate a passive income for retirement is through investment income. This is usually in the form of interest or dividend income.
Investors can either buy individual stocks and shares or make use of funds. A fund allows you to invest in a ready-made basket of assets that align with your goals and risk tolerance.
Two of the most common types of investment funds are:
- Mutual funds
- Exchange-traded funds (ETFs)
While investments offer some of the best return potentials, they also carry greater risk. Speak with an expert to help ensure your strategy aligns with your needs.
3. Bond investments
Bonds are loans, often to governments or companies. Investors earn money in a similar way that a bank would on a loan.
There are two main types of bonds:
- Government bonds
- Corporate bonds
Like investment funds, bond funds allow you to invest in a ready-made basket of bonds rather than buying individual bonds.
When you buy a bond, the loanee agrees to pay back the money in full on a specific date in the future. Until then, regular interest payments are paid on the debt.
These regular interest payments can create a steady income stream for investors.
While bonds are a lower-risk option compared to dividend-paying stocks, they often do not have the same growth potential. As a result, the total return may not keep pace with inflation.
The main risks bond holders face are credit spread risk and interest rate risk, as the bond’s price usually moves inversely to the direction of interest rate changes and/or the credit spreads.
4. High-yield savings accounts
Interest from savings accounts and certificates of deposit (CDs) can offer passive income opportunities. Savings accounts also have little to no risk attached to them.
In the UK, deposits of up to £85,000 held by authorised banks, building societies and credit unions are protected by the Financial Services Compensation Scheme (FSCS).
UK residents can also take advantage of tax-efficient savings accounts such as a cash ISA.
However, even high-yield savings accounts often fail to keep up with inflation, meaning the returns are typically lower than investments.
5. Buy an annuity
A chunk of your pension pot can be used to purchase an annuity.
There are different types of annuity products on the market, each with its own use cases. Depending on the product type, annuity income is either a regular, guaranteed income for life or an agreed period of time.
You need to be aware of the potential tax implications of building a passive retirement income. These include Capital Gains Taxes and property taxes such as stamp duty.
Capital Gains Tax (CGT) is applied to profits made on the sale of an asset. The current CGT allowance, otherwise known as the Annual Exempt Amount, is £6,000.
The CGT rates for higher and additional rate taxpayers are:
- 28% on gains from a residential property
- 20% on gains from other chargeable assets
In the UK, you pay CGT on any gains from property and land, even if you are a non-resident for tax purposes.
For expats, it’s essential to understand how tax residency and domicile status can affect their tax treatment. This can be complex, and speaking to an expert is recommended to ensure you are as tax-efficient as possible.
Build financial security with Holborn Assets
With the cost of retirement rising, planning for your financial future is more important than ever.
That is why a passive income strategy is now an essential component to consider for retirement planning. It can help create a steady stream of income to supplement other forms of income, such as pensions.
The earlier you start putting a plan in place and taking the necessary steps, the better prepared you will be when you decide to call time on your working days.
At Holborn Assets, we work closely with clients, offering expert advice and financial products tailored towards your retirement goals. Our specialists can help ensure you are on track and taking the right steps towards a more secure financial future.
Book a free, no-obligation meeting today and learn how we can help you reach your financial goals.